Such practices of herbal extractions were becoming popular during the Elizabethan era through the work of Paracelsus, the Father of Pharmacology . Instead, they relied on the local “wise-women” for remedies. Diseases were easily spread in this unsanitary environment where fleas, lice and rats all flourished. Neither rats nor fleas could easily penetrate these defences.Elizabethan Medicine and Illnesses. The MHL’s growing collection of digitized medical rare books, pamphlets, journals, and films number in the tens of thousands, with representative works from each of the past six centuries, all of which are available here through the Internet Archive. The most renowned idea in terms of medicine during the Elizabethan era was that of Galen who connoted that each living things were created with four elements or Humor which comprised the Phlegm, Blood, black bile, and yellow bile. Stout boots and gloves covered his hands and feet. The above picture is of an Elizabethan … Elizabethan barbers and surgeons worked together and were inferior to the physicians in that era. In Shakespeare’s time, the flower was already used as a folk remedy for certain ailments, but it was also common knowledge that the foxglove, if ingested, was poisonous and caused death [2, 3]. The Medicine used to treat various illnesses were as follows: Interesting Facts and Information about Elizabethan Life and Elizabethan Medicine and IllnessesSome interesting facts and information about Elizabethan Life and Elizabethan Medicine and Illnesses. The only cure for toothache was having the tooth pulled - without anaesthetics. The working classes of England had always had a difficult life. Neva Grant interviews Gail Kern Paster and Barbara Traister about medicine in the era when Shakespeare was writing. "Then a French doctor came and said, "This man knows nothing about treating them. Digital Collections is the National Library of Medicine's free online resource of biomedical books and videos. In addition to this there were outbreaks of terrible diseases such as the Bubonic Plague and Typhoid. All of the content in Digital Collections is freely available worldwide and, unless otherwise indicated, in the public domain. History likes to play strange tricks. Elizabethan Medicine was extremely basic in an era when terrible illnesses such as the Bubonic Plague (Black Death ) were killing nearly one third of the population. Other remedies: Tobacco, arsenic, lily root, and dried toad. Poor living conditions and poor diet led to many illnesses suffered by both the wealthy and the poor. The above picture is of an Elizabethan Physician. a digital curation collaborative among some of the world’s leading medical libraries, promotes free and open access to quality historical resources in medicine. If they get out of balance, illness results. Letting blood was conducted by cupping or leeches. Reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research.". From the website Elizabethan Era. Unexplainable events and hazardous medical customs sparked the era of the Elizabethan Age. Your doctor depended on your class and whether you had money to pay the fee. Then the doctor laid the leg of the knight on a block of wood and told a man to cut off the leg with the axe, upon which the marrow flowed out and the patient died on the spot." Amulets of dried blood and ground-up toads were worn at the waists of the Elizabethan Physicians. "The world’s first experiments with blood transfusion occurred in the mid-1660s in England.". Other beliefs of the Elizabethan Physicians centred around Astrology. May 20, 2015 / johanna513 The Elizabethan era was a time of turbulence. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Influenza was common, referred to as the 'sweating sickness'. Elizabethans paid particular attention to how their food interacted with their temperaments, seeking balance in their body, according to the humoral theory dominant at the time.. Author Referencing Information, Alchin, L.K. Medicine and Alchemy The medicinal practices and problems of the Elizabethan Era were very important to the people, although they are very different from those of today. Elizabethan Era Medicine "When you get up in the morning, stretch your limbs, so that the natural heat is stimulated. The bizarre and gruesome Physician masks would have acted as protection against contracting the disease through breathing the same air as the victim. Medicine was not an exact science and was related to Alchemy (Chemistry). An exhibit in the Yale Historical Library explored medical theory and practice in 16th-century London. Medicine remained attached to astrology and other beliefs such as the supernatural. There was no running water, this was obtained from water pumps ( a main cause of the spread of typhoid ). These ideas spread throughout the Mediterranean world and as far east as India, and their influence has remained strong in the West to this day. Original from the Duke University Libraries. ...The Elizabethan Era Medicine and Alchemy The medicinal practices and problems of the Elizabethan Era were very important to the people, although they are very different from those of today. Medicine was not an exact science and was related to Alchemy (Chemistry). Medicine was basic, Physicians had no idea what caused the terrible illnesses and diseases. "He then said, "Bring me a sharp axe." "The four bodily humors were part of Shakespearean cosmology, inherited from the ancient Greek philosophers Aristotle, Hippocrates, and Galen. Better not to get sick in the first place though, and the first line of defense when it came to health was diet. Doctors bleed their patients to restore this balance, because blood is considered to have pre-eminence over the other humours.. There were many different beliefs and diseases, like the Plague. The lower-classes, especially, could not afford the expenses of a physician. The underlying cause of many of the Elizabethan illnesses was the lack of sanitation, especially in large towns or cities such as London. Broken bones, wounds, abscesses and fractures were treated in unsanitary environments making the condition even worse. There were many different beliefs and diseases, like the Plague. There were many different beliefs and diseases, like the Plague. The most renowned idea in terms of medicine during the Elizabethan era was that of Galen who connoted that each living things were created with four elements or Humor which comprised the Phlegm, Blood, black bile, and yellow bile. On BBC Radio 4, Melvyn Bragg and guests talk about blood, black bile, yellow bile and phlegm. The Elizabethan era was not only a period of rations medical science, but also a time of great superstition. There were open sewers in the streets which were also filled with garbage. Medicine was not an exact science and was related to Alchemy (Chemistry). Description: Elizabethan Physician Image copyright: Elizabethan Medicine and Illnesses: A DAY IN THE LIFE During the Elizabethan Era two deadly illnesses were ravaging Europe; the Bubonic Plague (Black Death) and Typhoid Fever. Also during that time there was many sickness going on like a cold or stomach pains. Elizabethan medicines were basic, to say the least.
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