Between 1325 and 1519, the Templo Mayor was expanded, enlarged, and reconstructed during seven main building phases, which likely corresponded with different rulers, or tlatoani (âspeakerâ), taking office. A place with one star is worth a lookâafter all, it made the list. The goddess ruled the night, the Aztec believed, but died at the dawning of every day, slain and dismembered by her brother, Huitzilopochtli, the sun god. The museum is part of the archaeological zone to the north and east of the Metropolitan Cathedral. Many have seen the pyramids of Teotihuacan. These standard bearers may represent three of the 400 siblings of Coyolxauhqui, the Moon Goddess, who conspired with her to prevent the birth of Huitzilopochtli, the future god of war. © 2018 The Maritime Explorer. The museuâ¦ The Templo Mayor, or "great temple" stands in the heart of Mexico City. By 1521 Tenochtitlan was one of the largest cities in the world, with a population of some 150,000. Templo Mayor Museum The Templo Mayorâs wall of skulls, or tzompantli. The Templo Mayor, which is the largest building in this model, was actually not that old when the Spanish arrived. The more you look you can see that she has been dismembered and body parts arranged into a circle. At the time of the 1521 conquest, the site was the center of religious life for the city of 200,000. Templo Mayor Museum is situated 110 metres east of Templo Mayor. Templo Mayor – Mexico City’s Aztec Centrepiece. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip. Have a nice day!”. It was built in the 14th century in honor of the Aztec god of war and god of water. The museum and ruins are open Tuesday to Sunday (closed Mondays) from â¦ It has a level of detail and an element of horror at what its purpose was, that is fixating. This is a chacmool, one of the most recognizable type of statues found at many sites in Mexico including Tula and Chichén Itzá and always associated with Tlāloc. It is believed to have been at least eight hundred years old by the time it arrived in Tenochtitlan. Templo Mayor (Great Temple) is an Aztec temple recently discovered in the heart of modern Mexico City. This is a representation of Templo Mayor showing the placement of the serpents. You'll find the Templo Mayor and its museum located one block northwest of the Zócalo metro station. A Spanish soldier named Andrés de Tapia claimed the rack held tens of thousands of skulls âplaced on a very large theater made of lime and stoneâ¦ many heads of the dead stuck in lime with the teeth facing outward.â This is the Cuahxicalli Eagle, a representation of a golden eagle with a bowl in his back for receiving the hearts of human sacrifices. Department of Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art October 2004 The Templo Mayor (Main Temple) in Tenochtitlan, capital of the mighty Aztec empire, was located in the center of the city, where the most important ritual and â¦ in terms of their overall enthusiasm for it. This is the head of an eagle that adorns the outside of a small building that is believed to have been the headquarters of the Eagle Warriors, a group that you could only join by achieving rare success and prowess as a fighter. Mexica mask. This museum takes some time, but is a great introduction to Mexico City! The Templo Mayor was the principal religious site of Tenochtitlan and the scene of the horrific human sacrifices that have left the Mexicas with a reputation as bad as the Nazis and probably deservedly so. Further explâ¦ Great place to start your day. As you near the entrance to the museum you come upon this structure which you know has to be related to the worship of Huitzilopochtli. I would suggest putting aside about two hours for the Templo Mayor which consists not only of the archaeological remains, but also the excellent museum which houses many of the most important finds from the Sacred Precinct. This horrible looking creature is Mictlanecuhtli the God of Death and a Meso-American version of Hades, ruling over the underworld. Non-flash photography is permitted. Here are the highlights of what you will see. What you see are the remains of pyramids that were covered by the great pyramid the Spaniards saw upon their arrival in the 16th century. The one on the right is from Teotihuacan and is made of green stone with shell and obsidian inlay. In 1978, some electricity workers unearthed an 8-tonne stone disc of Coyolxauqui(âKoh-yowl-SHAU-keeâ), an Aztec goddess. Entrance tickets currently cost $8.00, while a popular guided tour starts around $20.61 per person. The Spaniards were simply blown away, not only by its size, but by the beauty and majesty of the many temples and palaces of which Templo Mayor was the crown jewel. Museo del Templo Mayor admission prices can vary. These were wooden racks where real skulls would be put on display looking very much as they are depicted here on the North Plaza of Templo Mayor. A rating of two stars means it's excellent, and three stars is the highest praise we give. The city of Tenochtitlan was established in 1325 on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco (much of which has since been filled in to accommodate Mexico City which now exists on this site), and with the cityâs foundation the original structure of the Templo Mayor was built. Those ruins are amazing, huge and nearly perfectly built. Here are two frogs with the head of a huge snake seemingly coming up to them from the side.
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