Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. While it’s a type of scarring that…, Stretch marks look like indented streaks in your skin. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. Causes of Stretch Marks. Once you give birth, that is when the lines appear. Stretch marks are formed when the elastic mid layer of the skin known as the dermis gets stretched. However, keeping your weight in a healthy range by eating well and exercising regularly can help to prevent stretch marks caused by sudden weight gain or loss. Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. Major side effects of systemic glucocorticoids. Dermatologic Clinics. Because stretch marks occur when the skin grows too quickly, exercising can prevent a teenager from gaining fat that can cause stretch marks to expand 4. What causes stretch marks on your back? Stretch marks are particularly common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. It is also known as "striae distensae". If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. 2015;172:606. Causes Of Stretch Marks In Children. Stretch marks and treatment efficacies. Lebwohl MG, et al. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. Several genetic disorders make it easier for stretch marks to form. Hussain HA, et al. The causes of stretch marks can be difficult to understand. Stretch marks usually appear in a bluish or purplish color. The marks are purplish-red at first, turning white and pearly over time. 2014;32:193. When parts of our body grow rapidly, the elasticity in our skin may tear, causing the appearance of stretch marks. Natural Medicines. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. Causes and Risk Factors. Early stretch marks may feel slightly raised and can be itchy. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. People with Marfan's syndrome are also prone to developing the scars when young. Stretch marks aren't painful or harmful, but some people feel distressed about the way they make their skin look. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Moisturizing your skin may help to relieve the itchiness of stretch marks. Stretch marks are a type of scar that forms an indent on the skin. Stretch marks sometimes appear when you rapidly gain or lose weight. Your skin can’t stretch enough to keep up. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. British Journal of Dermatology. Superficial dermabrasion versus topical tretinoin on early striae distensae: A randomized, pilot study. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Applying a self-tanning gel or lotion may help to reduce stretch marks' appearance. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Stretch marks occur when the elastic middle layer of skin called the dermis is stretched. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. The best way is to treat the cause and maintain a healthy weight so that these marks may disappear over time. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Common causes of stretch marks. None of these methods has been proven to be highly effective. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/. What Causes Stretch Marks From Working Out? Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. having a history of delivering large babies or twins, Tretinoin cream (Retin-A, Renova) works by restoring. They may be red, purple, or silver in appearance. The hormonal and physiologic changes during pregnancy are unique in the life of women. Stretch marks are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body, such as during puberty or pregnancy. PLOS One. When you touch stretch marks with your fingers, you might feel a slight ridge or indentation on your skin. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Warnings. When rapid growth or weight gain occurs, especially during teenage years, it is common for stretch marks to appear in boys and girls alike. When your skin stretches a hormone is produced called cortisone. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including: The best way to reduce the likelihood of getting stretch marks is to maintain a healthy weight. They’re common in pregnancy, but anyone can…, Dermarolling, aka microneedling, is the art of erasing unwanted acne scars, wrinkles, and stretch marks. Other factors that makes teens predisposed to stretch marks appearing include a genetic risk or family history of stretch marks, pregnancy, being overweight or obese, or taking a cortisol medication. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Striae distensae (stretch marks). No one’s first in line to show off their stretch marks. You can have stretch marks just about anywhere, but they’re most common on your stomach, breasts, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. Make a donation. During the stage of growth spurts: The child grows at a faster pace, especially during his or her puberty years. Incidence and risk factors of striae distensae following breast augmentation surgery: A cohort study. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy. Learn some of the possible benefits and risks of dry brushing. Stretch marks are often caused by sudden growth or weight gain. Prevention is mostly avoiding quick weight gain and then loss. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Some common conditions include varicose veins and stretch marks. What medical treatments are available for stretch marks? Ehlers-Danlos syndrome weakens the structure of the skin, which can lead to stretch marks at a young age. Stretch marks are common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. No matter the cause, dry, itchy skin is annoying and the…. Stretch marks often fade with time. If you have stretch marks on your stomach, but are not pregnant, nor have you ever been, you’re not alone. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Dry skin can happen for a number of reasons, including weather changes or skin conditions. And so we strive to eliminate them by any means necessary. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. Genetics, clinical features and diagnosis of Marfan syndrome and related disorders. Unfortunately, not everyone can avoid it. Marfan syndrome can lead to decreased elasticity in … Brennan M, et al. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. You may notice changes in your skin, vision, and gums. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Darker-skinned individuals may experience skin discoloration. Teenagers should avoid tanning, which may cause stretch marks to appear discolored against skin that does not have stretch marks. Puberty, rapid muscle growth and weight gain can be some of the causes for stretchmarks in boys and girls during teenage (3) (4). Scarring causes stretch marks to develop. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. This content does not have an Arabic version. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Breast striae after cosmetic augmentation. They often fade but don't usually disappear. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. What causes stretch marks? Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. The most common places that stretch marks occur are on the abdomen, thighs and breasts. There are many products and procedures that promise to remove stretch marks, but there aren’t any that have proven effective so far. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. You may be more likely to get them if you: are pregnant – read more about stretch marks in pregnancy; are going through puberty; lose or gain weight quickly; are female; are overweight; use some kinds of steroid creams or tablets Today I just want to give you a clearer understanding of what stretch marks are and how you may be able to avoid it. Stretching results in a breakdown of the connective tissue, inflammation, and scar formation as the injury begins to heal. They can occur in the abdomen, chest, hips and thighs. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … Cushing syndrome causes elevated cortisol levels, which leads to rapid weight gain. Stretch marks: The occurrence of lines on the skin caused by prolonged stretching of the skin. International Journal of Cosmetic Science. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Women are far more likely to develop stretch marks, in general. During pregnancy or puberty, the hormone levels tend to change as adrenal glands secrete more of glucocorticoids. Picard D, et al. New stretch marks are bright red, blue, black or purple. Other possible causes include: Exposure to chemicals such as pesticides or insecticides during childhood and adolescence. Fractional photothermolysis is similar to pulsed dye laser therapy in that it uses a. Although stretch marks are more commonly viewed as a women’s issue, as we have mentioned, men are also susceptible to get them. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. 2015;73:699. Common causes of stretch marks include weight gain, pregnancy, and bodybuilding as your body changes or grows rapidly. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. The cause of having stretch marks comes down to the elasticity of your skin. Puberty. Gotu kola. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. Your doctor can help determine the cause of the stretch marks and discuss treatment options. There are several ways to improve the appearance of stretch marks: Medical procedures and prescription medicines aren’t guaranteed to cure stretch marks, and they can be expensive. Stretch marks can appear on anyone at any time. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. Let us know the reason for stretch … Stretch marks are scars on the skin, which occurs when the collagen fibers and elastin tear during conditions like pregnancy, puberty, quick weight gain or sudden weight loss. Treatment can make stretch marks fade, but it won't completely remove them. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. They don’t discriminate. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2014;40:537. It can be difficult to ever fully get rid of cellulite or stretch marks. What Bodily Changes Can You Expect During Pregnancy? New insights on keloids, hypertrophic scars and striae. Although some people might find stretch marks unsightly, they're nothing to be ashamed of -- they're completely normal and quite common. Skin conditions and rashes can occur at any time throughout your pregnancy. Both men and women can get them. While stretch marks may appear red or purple when they first develop, they will fade to almost flesh-toned over time. Over time they become less noticeable. 1. Water helps to keep the skin hydrated, which can help to keep stretch marks soft and supple, meaning they are … Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. These chemicals may have damaged cells in the skin. Tsai TL, et al. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Stretch marks, also called striae, are scars that are associated with the skin being stretched and thinned, which causes the elastic fibers to break. Stretch marks are caused by any extreme stretching of the skin. Stretch marks are stripes that appear on the body during periods of sudden growth or hormonal change. These lines commonly appear during or after pregnancy or after a sudden change in your weight. What Causes Stretch Marks? Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. This can result from corticosteroid medication use or a disease such as Cushing's syndrome. If you don’t want to wait, there are treatments that can improve their appearance. Stretch marks happen when skin changes shape rapidly due to growth or weight gain. Some men and women are prone to develop stretch marks on the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. Since we have stretch marks forming on different body parts, the article will narrow down to address the subcategories of stretch marks depending on their area of appearance. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. 24th ed. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … Stretch marks can happen when your skin stretches a lot in a short space of time. Discover what they are here. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Remember that the severity of the stretchmarks may vary depending on the skin type, genetic factors, skin elasticity, and cortisol levels. Causes of stretch marks, in this case, may remain the same for either type.
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