Some species are succulent. All parts of the tree are also utilized for medicine in Southeastern Asia and India including preparations derived from the roots, bark, gum, leaves, flowers, and fruit. Amaranth greens, like spinach, carry higher contents of oxalic acid (1.09 g/100g), a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people. In Malayalam Spinach is known as Cheera and its a common vegetable and its very easy to grow. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. The entire plant is used to make medicine. The seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters (Chenopodium berlandieri), quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) and kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) are edible and are used as pseudocereals. All parts of the tree are also utilized for medicine in Southeastern Asia and India including preparations derived from the roots, bark, gum, leaves, flowers, and fruit. This variety is Reddish-Green leaved variety. Keerai leaves can be used both raw or cooked, such as stir-frying, steaming, sauteing, and boiling. Spinach is one of the dish that contributes taste and many nutrition that results in strong body. Amaranthus - Siru keerai . this healthy tambdi bhaji can be served as a side dish with a dal and rice combination. (s.l.) , The leaves are simple and mostly alternate, sometimes opposite. Season and sowing. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. It is naturally gluten-free and is also a great addition to gluten-free dishes. Wholesaler of Seeds-Spinach - Sri Keerai Green Seed, Amaranthus Red leaves, Spinach offered by Susi Seeds, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The Amaranthaceae (sensu stricto) are predominantly tropical, whereas the former Chenopodiaceae have their centers of diversity in dry temperate and warm temperate areas. In some species, the leaves are reduced to minute scales. Species with higher water-use efficiency had a selective advantage and were able to spread out into arid habitats.. The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. Super Moderator. More rarely the fruit is a circumscissile capsule or a berry. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. In tribe Caroxyloneae, anthers have vesicular appendages. Alexander P. Sukhorukov (2007): Fruit anatomy and its taxonomic significance in Corispermum (Corispermoideae, Chenopodiaceae). For further and more detailed information, see the subfamily pages. Cheera – Mayalam. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The tree thrives under full exposure to sunshine and is extremely frost sensitive. Most species in the Amaranthaceae are annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; others are shrubs; very few species are vines or trees. Many species are known to cause pollen allergies. Green variety of Amaranthus popular in Andhra Pradesh. Rüdiger Masson & Gudrun Kadereit (2013): Phylogeny of Polycnemoideae (Amaranthaceae): Implications for biogeography, character evolution and taxonomy. Malabar spinach can be used raw, in salads, or as a stand alone vegetable. Please note that Humming bird tree seeds need to be scarified (scrape seed on sand paper till you can barely seed the inside layer) and soak for 24 hours before sowing. If your not familiar with these tamil names, i would simply suggest, this curry can be made with most of the spinach varieties. The family Amaranthaceae was first published in 1789 by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in Genera Plantarum, p. 87–88. Leaves: The leaves of Amaranth may be eaten as spinach or vegetables. Keerai – Tamil. -, "Tropics: Amaranthaceae Juss. The abundant source of this variety heps the farmers to feed for their cows.  Within the family, several types of C4 photosynthesis occur, and about 17 different types of leaf anatomy are realized. Super Moderator. Amaranthaceae is a widespread and cosmopolitan family from the tropics to cool temperate regions. There are 4 species of Amaranthus cultivated as vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus bllitum, Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus tricolor. An annual herb with stems erect or occasionally ascending, about 10-80 cm long. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, Third Edition. In some parts of the Caribbean the leaves of this plant, and a popular stew are referred to as Calalloo, while in other parts of the Caribbean, it is the leaf of the Taro plant that bears this name. The farm is automated which thus allows for precision farming and accurate nutrient delivery.  The monophyly of this broadly defined Amaranthaceae has been strongly supported by both morphological and phylogenetic analyses.. My favorite way to use malabar spinach is like many other greens I’ve cooked. Amaranthus virdis is a commonly found spinach in Indian villages. If Polycnemoideae would be separated as its own family, Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae (s.str.) After that, the soil has to be watered slightly. , The basic chromosome number is (rarely 6) mostly 8–9 (rarely 17). This red variety is very popular. Amaranthus is a genus of about 60 species, all of which are seasonal crops, both living in the tropics and sub-tropics. Forms of Beta vulgaris include fodder beet (Mangelwurzel) and sugar beet. – synonyms", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", List of allergic plants in family Chenopodiaceae at pollenlibrary.com, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", Germplasm Resources Information Network (USDA), National Center for Biotechnology Information, IUCN link: Amaranthaceae threatened species, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthaceae&oldid=983224965, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Other species are considered weeds, e.g., redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) and alligatorweed (Alternanthera philoxeroides), and several are problematic invasive species, particularly in North America, including Kali tragus and Bassia scoparia. Belonging to the Amaranthus genus, red spinach is nearly identical to its green cousin Amaranthus viridis, also known as slender amaranth. Sharp and somewhat narrow leaves. It is a vigorously growing vegetable in warm weather. The flowers, young leaves and tender pods of the white flowered hummingbird tree are edible. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Find Top 10 Health Benefits of Small Spinach of Eat Only at ValaiTamil.com The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. Spinach is a dark, leafy green vegetable that is packed with vitamins and other nutrients. Sesbania grandiflora is a small erect, fast-growing, and sparsely branched tree that reaches 32 feet in height. Pasalai Keerai or Kodi Pasalai or Vine Spinach or பசலைக் கீரை 5. Amaranthus virdis is a commonly found spinach in Indian villages. (2n = 32, 34, 64) - (Hindi: Chaulai) Family: Amaranthaceae . It is called Arakkeerai or Killukeerai in Tamil.  Phylogenetic research revealed the important impact of the subfamily Polycnemoideae on the classification (see cladogram): if Polycnemoideae are considered a part of Chenopodiaceae, then Amaranthaceae (s.str. cons., Gomphrenaceae Raf., Polycnemaceae Menge, Salicorniaceae Martynov, Salsolaceae Menge, and Spinaciaceae Menge. In Tamil Nadu, it is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, where the greens are steamed, mashed and … Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Molecular genetic studies revealed the traditional classification, based on morphological and anatomical characters, often did not reflect the phylogenetic relationships. Siru keerai, is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. It includes the former goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae and contains about 165 genera and 2,040 species, making it the most species-rich lineage within its parent order, Caryophyllales. Common name: spiny pigweed. Also known as: muļļu keerai, since some wild strains can have thorns (muļļu is Tamil for thorns): ordinary arakeerai (Amaranthus Dubius) is closely related to, and practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus spinosus–except when thorns are present. In this article we will post about the Cultivation of Spinach (Amaranthus). Several amaranth species are also used indirectly as a source of soda ash, such as members of the genus Salicornia (see glasswort). Spinach curry made with any of the spinach variety like palak, thandu keerai, arai keerai (amaranthus), mulai keerai or siru keerai. Leaves are triangular-ovate to narrowly rhombic, about 2-7 cm long and 1 to 6 am wide and hairless; tip usually narrow and with a small narrow notch, stalks are about 1-10 cm long. The older name has priority and is now the valid scientific name of the extended Amaranthaceae (s.l. , In phytochemical research, several methylenedioxyflavonols, saponins, triterpenoids, ecdysteroids, and specific root-located carbohydrates have been found in these plants. https://gkfooddiary.com/spinach-recipes-babies-kids-can-i-give-my-baby-spinach are divided into 10 subfamilies with approximately 180 genera and 2,500 species.. Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. Cooking: In India, the red variety is most commonly used in cooking. , Although most of the family use the more common C3 photosynthesis pathway, around 800 species are C4 plants; this makes the Amaranthaceae the largest group with this photosynthesis pathway among the eudicots (which collectively includes about 1,600 C4 species). Cheera can grow in all the seasons, Rainy , summer , winter etc. Joined Sep 3, 2012 Messages 54,322 Location includes the former families Achyranthaceae Raf., Atriplicaceae Durande, Betaceae Burnett, Blitaceae T.Post & Kuntze, Celosiaceae Martynov, Chenopodiaceae Vent. J Integr Med. Amaranth seeds are the perfect substitute for cereals. Well drained loamy soils with slightly acidic nature and warm climate are suitable for amaranthus cultivation. In tamil it is called as arakeerai. One to five stamens are opposite to tepals or alternating, inserting from a hypogynous disc, which may have appendages (pseudostaminodes) in some species. ... Newzealand spinach: OOTY (Sp) 1 (2005) Easy to grow, simply sprinkle tiny seeds on the surface of the soil. -. = sensu stricto) have to be included, too, and the name of the extended family is Amaranthaceae. Totakoora (or totakura) provides excellent roughage in your diet and is rich in calcium, iron and vitamin A and C. Available in larger quantities. Safety profile. Dysphania ambrosioides (epazote) and Dysphania anthelmintica are used as medicinal herbs. In the Northeastern Indian state of Manipur, it is known as cheng-kruk; it is also eaten as a vegetable in South India, especially in Kerala, where it is known as kuppacheera കുപ്പച്ചീര. Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. Easy to grow, simply sprinkle tiny seeds on the surface of the soil. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae. Amaranthus tricolor, known as edible amaranth, is a species in the genus Amaranthus (family Amaranthaceae).. The horizontal or vertical seed often has a thickened or woody seed coat. Arai Keerai or Tricolor Amaranthus or அரைக் கீரை 2. Amaranthus - Arai keerai . In India it is known as Thotakura or Koyagura (Telugu), Cheera (Malayalam), Dantina Soppu (Kannada), Maath (Marathi),Bhajji (konkani) and Chauli or Chavleri Sag (Hindi).Rich in vitamins and iron Good for eyes and hair Builds immune system Uses. The genus of spinach is Amaranthus, and the genus of spinach is Spinacia. Health Benefits: According to Ayurveda, the juice extracted from amaranth leaves help in treating diarrhoea and haemorrhage conditions. It propagates by seed and flowers all year in subtropical and tropical climates. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. Kadereit (2006): A synopsis of Chenopodiaceae subfam. In most cases, neither basal nor terminal aggregations of leaves occur.. Splendour Seeds ® – Spinach Seeds Amaranthus Polygonoides Siru keerai Vegetable Seeds (6 GMS Pack) ... Splendour Seeds - Spinach Agathi Keerai (tamil), august tree leaves,humming bird tree – 20 seeds.This is a tree type plant which can be grown at the backyard. Biology and Ecology Top of page A. viridis is an annual herb which grows from 6 to 100 cm high. Some publications still continued to use the family name Chenopodiaceae. Some species, such as spinach (Spinacia oleracea) or forms of beet (Beta vulgaris) (beetroot, chard), are used as vegetables. In the Northeastern Indian state of Manipur, it is known as cheng-kruk; it is also eaten as a vegetable in South India, especially in Kerala, where it is known as kuppacheera കുപ്പച്ചീര. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. (Amaranthus spp.) The most ubiquitous are Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus tricolor, Amaranthus paniculatus, Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus viridis, Amaranthus spinosus, amaranthus paniculatus. cons., Corispermaceae Link, Deeringiaceae J.Agardh, Dysphaniaceae (Pax) Pax nom. The unique blend of natural source of vitamins and minerals enhance in producing good milk with pure quality. 1. , Current studies classified the species of former Chenopodiaceae to eight distinct subfamilies (the research is not yet completed): Polycnemoideae, which are regarded as a basal lineage, Betoideae, Camphorosmoideae, Chenopodioideae, Corispermoideae, Salicornioideae, Salsoloideae, and Suaedoideae. , The multiple origin of C4 photosynthesis in the Amaranthaceae is regarded as an evolutionary response to inexorably decreasing atmospheric CO2 levels, coupled with a more recent permanent shortage in water supply as well as high temperatures. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. You can also use it like spinach in soups and stews. It possess rich amount of minerals and vitamins having a delicate taste. gkarti Golden Ruler's of Penmai. A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. Maturity: 25-30 days. Amaranthus viridis is eaten as a boiled green or as a vegetable in many parts of the world. , In the APG IV system of 2016, as in the previous Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classifications, the family is placed in the order Caryophyllales and includes the plants formerly treated as the family Chenopodiaceae. 2013;11(3):206-12. The wood of the perennial stem has a typical "anomalous" secondary growth; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal. This is a miraculous spinach type that has lots of medicinal benefits. Some people grow this variety as decorative plants as well as a leafy vegetable. The treatment is again different in Tamil Nadu, where amaranth leaves are steamed and mashed with a light seasoning of salt, red chillies and cumin to make a popular dish called keerai masiyal. Read: Neem Oil Pesticides Formulation for Garden Plants. Project for Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use for Improved Human Nutrition and well-being in Sri Lanka #araikeeraikadaiyal #Araikeeraimasiyal #amaranthusgravy #spinachdalgravy #அரைக்கீரைமசியல் #அரைக்கீரைகடைசல் In Tamil Nadu, the leaves are also steamed, mashed and sauteed with a few spices to make a dish called keerai masial. The soil has to be topped with a thin layer of compost or you can also use potting soil for that. Stanley L. Welsh, Clifford W. Crompton & Steven E. Clemants (2003): Kenneth R. Robertson & Steven E. Clemants (2003): Gelin Zhu, Sergei L. Mosyakin & Steven E. Clemants (2003): Bojian Bao, Thomas Borsch & Steven E. Clemants (2003): This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 00:25. Khada Saga – Oriya. Joined Sep 3, 2012 Messages 54,322 Location Madurai. The leaf to stem ratio is high (2.0). The common local names the plant is called throughout India are as follows: Chua – Uttarakhand. , Widespread in the Amaranthaceae is the occurrence of betalain pigments. The plant comes from the family Amaranthaceae and Amaranthus as genus. Amaranthus dubious. The flowers, young leaves and tender pods of the white flowered hummingbird tree are edible. Project for Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use for Improved Human Nutrition and well-being in Sri Lanka They are flat or terete, and their shape is extremely variable, with entire or toothed margins. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Of the 60-70 types of amaranth grown in the world, several grow in India. (Amaranthus spp.) Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. The stems are sparingly or densely branched and channeled. Amaranth or Amaranthus is a tropical and sub-tropical seasonal crop categorized as a leafy vegetable, cereal, and also as an ornamental plant. Preparation of field. Flowers are regular with an herbaceous or scarious perianth of (one to) mostly five (rarely to eight) tepals, often joined. -, G. Kadereit, S. Hohmann, J.W. How To Grow Thotakura/Amaranth – Seed sowing: In order to sow the seeds, you will need to sprinkle them in a thin way on a pot with medium size and is filled with potting soil which is loose. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. Some species have unisexual flowers. The abundant source of this variety heps the farmers to feed for their cows. In Hindi gaach-munga, in Telugu avisi, in Bengali Bokful, and Hadga Flower in Marathi. Like wise, Thandu keerai or Amaranthus caudatus are used in mid July to make a special dish … In Karnataka, where it grows abundantly, locals widely use these leaves (known as rajgiri or kempu harave soppu) to make preparations like huli (a dal and vegetable curry-like preparation eaten … Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosyntheticpathway. Spinach - Arai keerai , Thotakura or Koyagura,Cheera,Dantina soppu,math,Bhajii,Chauli or Chavleri Sag. Araikeerai or spleen amaranthus is a variety of amaranthus popular in Tamil Nadu. Notya – Bengali. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MA, Hossein Akhani, Gerald Edwards, Eric H. Roalson (2007): Diversification Of The Old World Salsoleae s.l. Siru Keerai or Tropical Amaranthus or சிறு கீரை 3. -, Gudrun Kadereit, Ladislav Mucina, Helmut Freitag (2006): Phylogeny of Salicornioideae (Chenopodiaceae): diversification, biogeography, and evolutionary trends in leaf and flower morphology. Aug 18, 2015 #4 ENGLISH They can be added to salads and are commonly used in soups, stir-fries, rice dishes, dals, and curries. Spinach requires good fertilizers and nutrients as it is a heavy feeder. Bracts and bracteoles are either herbaceous or scarious. The green or white embryo is either spirally (and without perisperm) or annular (rarely straight). The unique blend of natural source of vitamins and minerals enhance in producing good milk with pure quality. Kai Müller, Thomas Borsch (2005): Phylogenetics of Amaranthaceae using matK/trnK sequence data – evidence from parsimony, likelihood and Bayesian approaches. It goes well combined with dal or as a poriyal. Agathi Keerai(in Tamil Nadu) in different Indian languages: Agathi Keerai in English - Vegetable Humming Bird Tree Leaves Telugu: Agise Hindi: Agasti Kannada - Agastya Malayalam -Agathi 2. gkarti Golden Ruler's of Penmai. A delicious substitute for spinach and an essential ingredient in preparation of Masiyal, it has medicinal qualities especially for post partum and lactating women. simple goan preparation of a dry dish made with red amaranth leaves. Leaves are approximately 6.5–15 centimetres (2 ⁄2–6 inches) and of oval or elliptical shape that are either opposite or alternate across s… Broad dented leaves. -, Ivonne Sánchez del-Pino, Thomas Borsch, Timothy J. Motle (2009): trnL-F and rpl16 Sequence Data and Dense Taxon Sampling Reveal Monophyly of Unilocular Anthered Gomphrenoideae (Amaranthaceae) and an Improved Picture of Their Internal Relationships. The systematics of Amaranthaceae are the subject of intensive recent research. It includes the former goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae and contains about 165 genera and 2,040 species,   making it the most species-rich lineage within its parent order , … Amaranthaceae Juss.  Idioblasts are found in the tissues. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. -, Gudrun Kadereit, Evgeny V. Mavrodiev, Elizabeth H. Zacharias, Alexander P. Sukhorukov (2010): Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 Photosynthesis. -, Gudrun Kadereit, Helmut Freitag (2011): Molecular phylogeny of Camphorosmeae (Camphorosmoideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for biogeography, evolution of C4-photosynthesis and taxonomy. Staff member. This variety of amaranthus originally from India, is grown extensively in the West Indies, and is popularly used in soups and stews. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa.Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. (Chenopodiaceae). Seed color: Black .  Many of the species are halophytes, tolerating salty soils, or grow in dry steppes or semi-deserts. The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. The former Chenopodiaceae often contain isoflavonoids. The first occurrence of C4 photosynthesis dates from the early Miocene, about 24 million years ago, but in some groups, this pathway evolved much later, about 6 (or less) million years ago. (Chenopodiaceae) Clade and a Clarification of the Phylogenetic Position of Bienertia and Alexandra Using Multiple DNA Sequence Datasets. In Tamil the tree is called Kathurumurunga or akatthi,(Agathi Keerai). Resembling spinach in appearance, Amaranth leaves come in a few varieties ranging from purple and red to green or gold in colour and are found in the foothills of The Himalayas to the coasts of South India. The leaves are smaller and pointier than Arai keerai and consuming it has cooling properties. It is a common vegetable in Bengali cuisine, where it is called note shak ("shak" means leafy vegetable). Amaranth in Indian Languages. Amaranthus Polygonoides Siru keerai, is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. The anthers have two or four pollen sacs (locules). 2.5 kg/ha of seeds broadcasted evenly on the beds after mixing with 10 parts of sand. High in iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamins A and C, as well as protein. Maturity: 25-30 days. It could be taken in form of popcorns or added to salads. The former Amaranthaceae (in their narrow circumscription) are classified into two subfamilies, Amaranthoideae and Gomphrenoideae, and contain about 65 genera and 900 species in tropical Africa and North America. www.nithyasnalabagam.com/2013/05/top-8-pasalai-keerai-recipes-spinach.html Thotakura – Telugu. In India, people are compelled to eat any one of the spinach variety during festivals. = sensu lato). Usually, spinach is germinated from seeds and even can be grown from cuttings. Jun 26, 2020 - #potatobajji #streetfood #lockdownrecipes #aloopakora potato bajji|how to make potato bajji at home For more videos please subscribe to my channel. Leaf axils without paired spines. Easy to grow, simply sprinkle tiny seeds on … Amaranthus viridis is eaten as a boiled green or as a vegetable in many parts of the world.. The leaves are rich in Vitamin, A, Iron and Calcium. ShravaniMaath – Marathi. (Amaranthus spp.) -, Maxim V. Kapralov, Hossein Akhani, Elena V. Voznesenskaya, Gerald Edwards, Vincent Franceschi, Eric H. Roalson (2006): Phylogenetic Relationships in the Salicornioideae / Suaedoideae / Salsoloideae s.l. , is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. Good for health in building strong bones and improves eye sight. About two-thirds of the C4 species belong to the former Chenopodiaceae. Sometimes even bracts and bracteoles may belong to the diaspore. The first publication of family Chenopodiaceae was in 1799 by Étienne Pierre Ventenat in Tableau du Regne Vegetal, 2, p. 253. Keerai leaves are high in vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium, potassium, and folate. It will release red color into soups and dishes when cooked. SKU: 668 A short synoptic list of genera is given here. Young leaves and stems can be harvested periodically for a long time during the growth. Thandu Keerai or Tender Amaranthus or கீரைத் தண்டு 4. AMARANTHUS, PALAK AND GOGU AMARANTHUS - Amaranthus spp. The flavor of raw and cooked vegetable amaranth was equal to or greater than that of spinach or any other similar green (Martin and Ruberte 1979, Daloz 1980, AbboH and C ampbell 1982). Amaranthus viridis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: ... English name: Chinese spinach, Green amaranth , Pigweed: Local name: Koora thampala (කූර තම්පලා) @ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: LC (NCS)-2012: Description: Annual herb, 10-75 (100) cm tall; stems rather slender, glabrous. It goes well combined with dal or as a poriyal. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae.. Amaranthus Polygonoides Siru keerai, is another spinach substitute popular in Tamil Nadu. Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years.  One to three (rarely six) carpels are fused to a superior ovary with one (rarely two) basal ovule. Amaranthus is a genus of about 60 species, all of which are seasonal crops, both living in the tropics and sub-tropics. Leaves and succulent stem are good sources of iron (38.5 mg/100g), calcium (350-400 mg/100g), The diaspores are seeds or fruits (utricles), more often the perianth persists and is modified in fruit for means of dispersal.
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