In general, plants in the genus Amaranthus are difficult to identify to species, but this one is an exception to the rule. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb : Duration: Annual: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: AMSP: Plant Notes: Spiny Amaranth is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae). Photographs taken off Main St., Ellington, MO., 7-18-04. Seed Fruit. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. The stem is smooth, robust, cylindrical and often reddish. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. The weight of 1000 seeds is 140–250 mg. Freshly collected seeds may germinate at temperatures as high as 40°C, with a germination rate of up to 95%. Medicinal uses of Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus). Fl. Inflorescence consisting of dense clusters, lower ones axillary, higher ones often collected in an axillary and terminal spike which is often branched in its lower part; axillary clusters usually armed with (1â)2(â3) very sharp spines up to 2 cm long. Folks usually add shoots and stem in soups or cook with other vegetables, leaves may be eaten as salads, while its seed could be eaten raw. A. spinosus produces male and female flowers on the same plant and is self compatible. Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. Amaranthus palmeri ist in Nordamerika ursprünglich vom Südwesten der USA bis in den Norden Mexikos verbreitet. ofCdin Amaranthus inbothshootandrootof A.hybridus ,A. spinosus ,A. viridis ,andA. When posting your comment, it will take some time before it will become visible. Name: Amaranthus - Green Thumb: Botanical Name: Amaranthus hypochondriacus: Life Cycle: Annual: Color: Green / Dark Green Foliage: Bloom … EPSPSamplification in glyphosate-resistant spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. A member of the Amaranthaceae family, Amaranthus spinosus L is also known Amaranthus spinosus is an annual found in areas such as Tropical America. In a field study in Missouri, spiny amaranth reached 4.5 feet and produced 114 thousand seeds per plant within 14 weeks, compared to 5–7 feet and 250–292 thousand seeds for several other weedy Amaranthusspecies (Sellers et al., 2003). 110â113. Leaves . The leaves are simple and alternate , glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, often diamond-shaped, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Hojas ampliamente lanceoladas o rómbico-ovadas, (1 ) 1.5 7.5 cm de largo y 0.5 2.5 cm de ancho, variables en tamaño, agudas, redondeadas o emarginadas en el ápice, cuneadas o … â¢ Burkill, H.M., 1985. Spiny amaranth thrives in rich, warm, loamy soils with high organic matter and sufficient nitrogen (N), and can produce up to 235 thousand seeds per plant (Holm et al., 1991). Spiny pigweed is an annual native to tropical America but has spread into the eastern US and California where it inhabits disturbed areas including cultivated fields, roadsides, and lawns. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. 5: 269. Amarant (Amaranthus), auch Fuchsschwanz genannt, manchmal auch Amaranth geschrieben, ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse (Amaranthaceae). 1983. Richard Morris. They are tapering at the base with slender petiole and bear a pair of spines up to 1cm long at the base. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Note scale. General Information Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall It is multi branched, smooth, angled with longitudinal lines and brownish- green in colour . Fans of snapdragons will admire the similarities of this plant with its lovely white flowers that are overlaid with reddish-lilac bracts for an interesting clash of colors. USA. Moerman, Daniel E. 1986. A lovely upright Amaranthus, Green Thumb is a compact shrub, excellent for borders or containers. Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extracts of amaranth seeds. The seeds are nutritious and can be made into a flour. Flower Seed Head. Ajna Fern Amaranthus retroflexus. Alayon (If.) thorny amaranth. Amaranth seeds can be started indoors as well about three to four weeks before the last frost date. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Amaranthus spinosus is propagated by seed. Habit. Company Video. Amaranth Starch … In Khmer language, it is called pti banlar and in Vietnamese giền and its ash was historically used as a grey cloth dye. 991. Leaf type is simple, discoloured and arranged alternately. Flower… Weeds and Their Control: Spiny Pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus) by Karen. The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. â¢ Lemmens, R.H.M.J. Jun;46(3):184-6. Amaranthus spinosus is an Annual herb with multi-branched, smooth, herbaceous annual growing to 2 ft. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Grow Heirloom Amaranth -Plant Green Thumb Amaranthus Seeds. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Ripening fruits Image credit to Agnes Rinehart, http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Seed germination and seedling emergence response of these species to various environmental factors was determined in laboratory and screenhouse experiments. Medicinal Plants of Native America. Contact Supplier Request a quote. Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. ... Like all amaranths, it produces a huge amount of seed, sometimes over 100,000 per plant. B and T World Seeds' reference number: 21356: The average, annual, minimum temperature zone where Amaranthus spinosus is cold hardy USDA Zone:10 30° to 40°F (-1° to +4.5°C) Type of plant - annual: Flower or inflorescence: GREEN to RED-PURPLE, 15x1cm. Amaranth seeds are very fine, so generally, the seeds are sprinkled over a prepared area after the risk of last frost has passed. KRVM Herbs. Seeds: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. The erect branching stems can exceed 5 feet in height. The leaves grow from 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in length. Amaranthus spinosus Linnaeus: Common Name: Spiny Amaranth; Thorny Amaranth: Habitat: Disturbed areas. Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Amaranthus also provides a unique and wonderful texture for floral arrangements.  Contents. Stems and leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance. Amaranthaceae. Amaranthus (Amaranthus Caudatus Red) - Commonly known as Love Lies Bleeding, these unique flowers are extremely hardy, and they can grow just about anywhere from flower seed. A lovely upright Amaranthus, Green Thumb is a compact shrub, excellent for borders or containers. Spiny amaranth is primarily a weed of pastures and hay fields, and occurs less often in agronomic crops and turfgrass. The alternately arranged leaves occur on long petioles and are ovate in shape. The seeds develop in a utricle 1 1/2 to 2 mm in length. Spiny amaranth, prickly amaranth, spiny pigweed (En). ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US: Seedling: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. Stems. Alternate names Spiny Pigweed. Klimczak I, Malecka M, et al. A. caudatus and A. paniculatus seeds are antioxidant [Klimczak 2002]. Top 10 … Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = FACU USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. Amaranthus spinosus spiny amaranth This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. infl. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Weed Description A summer annual that is very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has spines along the stems. The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue. Fields, roadsides, along railroad tracks, stock pens. ... (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). Fast Facts. Each Amaranthus plant can carry tens of thousands of flower seeds, and it will self-seed very easily. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US Seedling: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. Seeds can remain dormant for a long time until it gets a viable environment to germinate. The bulk of the Amaranth Seed is its Starch consisting of 50-65 % by weights of unique type. & Bunyapraphatsara, N., 1999. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. Amaranthus spinosus L. In: de Padua, L.S., Bunyapraphatsara, N. & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. Mitteleur. RESEARCH: The essential oil of Amaranth spp. This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. So trat sie ab 1962 in Arkansas, ab 1963 in Nebraska, ab 1966 in South Carolina, ab 1967 auch in Florida auf. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Smooth Pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus) Tumble Pigweed (Amaranthus albus) Prostrate pigweed (Amaranthus blitoides) Common Waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) and Tall Waterhemp (A. tuberculatus) References Cited. Spiny amaranth is found throughout the eastern half of the United States. - Probably introduced; now, pantropic. Once the amaranth seeds have sprouted, they should be thinned to about 18 inches (46 cm.) April 2012. We love Amaranthus seeds for the flame like blooms as seen in Pygmy's Torch and Green Thumb, or the drooping elephant (think Snuffleupagus) tusk-like draping quality of the blooms on Viridis or Love Lies Bleeding. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall[299. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Volume 1, Families AâD. (Editors). Distribution: Cosmopolitan in warm temperate and tropical regions but increasingly found in temperate Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) – complete detail. Ecology. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Seeds are circular form from 1-1.5 millimeters in diameter and range in color with a shiny, smooth seed coat. 6.Amaranth Spinosus: This type of plant is also called “prickly amaranthus” and “spiky amaranthus” it is due to its small thorny bush on the stem. Seeds (left), enclosed in persistent calyx (right) About. Spiny and slender amaranth are troublesome Amaranthaceae species of direct-seeded rice and other upland crops in many Asian countries. The leafy vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus) is a potent inhibitor of calcium availability and retention in rice-based diets. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1). by Melody Rose (melody) August 27, 2016. 7.Amaranth Cruentus: It is a green variety of plants that may sometimes appear in beautiful shades of cinnamon, purple, red, and ginger. 70, Issue. 12, p. 1902. 2014. 4/10. 686 pp. 960 pp. Amaranthus also provides a unique and wonderful texture for floral arrangements. USA. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall. The database and code is licensed under a 2nd Edition. Habit. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. 70, Issue. Habitat Commonly as a weed of cultivation, waste ground and roadsides, also occurring in open grassland and in wet ground by swamps and along rivers; 0–1820 m. Distribution 2nd Edition. Seed about 1 mm in diameter, shiny black or brownish-black with thin margin. Green Amaranthus Spinosus. Amaranthus spinosus. How to Grow Amaranth The weight of 1000 seeds is 140–250 mg. Freshly collected seeds may germinate at temperatures as high as 40°C, with a germination rate of up to 95%. Origins: Native to tropical America (Randall, 2002). Flowers are very small and having long stamens. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. apart. and Reinhardt, C.F. Seed over winters in or on the surface of soil and germinates late spring to early summer. pp. Some types are known to produce 235,000 seeds per plant. Older plants become fairly stout and have a woody texture. Amaranthus (Amaranthus Caudatus Red) - Commonly known as Love Lies Bleeding, these unique flowers are extremely hardy, and they can grow just about anywhere from flower seed. Scientific Name: Amaranthus spinosus Root Word: amarantos = unfading, spinosus = spiny Common Name: Spiny Amaranth, Pigweed Vernacular: Kulites: Similar Species: Amaranthus viridis L Origin: probably native to tropical America Weed Category: Broadleaves; Description. Not a true grain, amaranth is often called a pseudocereal, like its relative quinoa. Genus: Acanthus Species: spinosus Item Form: 1-Quart Zone: 5 - 9 Bloom Start to End: Early Summer - Late Summer Habit: Columnar Plant Height: 3 ft Plant Width: 3 ft Restrictions: *Due to state restrictions we cannot ship to the following: Pest Management Science, Vol. Akum (Mag.) This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. Each Amaranthus plant can carry tens of thousands of flower seeds, and it will self-seed very easily. Effects of after-harvest period and environmental factors on seed dormancy of Amaranthus species. Some types are known to produce 235,000 seeds per plant. 1753.. Anuales, 0.3 1 m de alto, tallos erectos, glabros; monoicas. Approximately 60 species are recognized, with inflorescence and foliage ranging from purple and red to gold. 2002. Nahrung. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Plant and Seeds Amaranth is an annual, large and bushy plant usually about 90-130 cm high. Despite the reputed high nutritional value of the leaves. Leaves. Note scale. Distribution - Weed found throughout the Philippines at lowlands and low altitudes, in open waste place, gregarious and abundant along sand bars and margins of streams. Mchicha (Sw). Amaranthus spinosus . If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. 12, p. 1902. No genuine homologs/orthologs have been identified outside the genus Amaranthus.Amaranthins are homodimers built up of 33 kDa protomers (Figure 1). with help from Latin name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Spiny Amaranth: The seed is used as a poultice for broken bones. rudis [ ]. CrossRef ; Google Scholar; Hugo, E. Saayman-Du Toit, A.E.J. Amarante Ã©pineuse, Ã©pinard malabar, Ã©pinard piquant (Fr). Barnes, J. P., and A. R. Putnam. Seedling with epigeal germination; cotyledons leafy, glabrous, apex rounded to slightly acute; hypocotyl up to 12 mm long, epicotyl absent. Reproduction and dispersal. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Also, the ability of Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus hybridus to bioconcentrate several mineral elements was proved [ ]. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. This vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. The stout spines at the nodes are diagnostic. â¢ Burkill, H.M., 2000. Flowering begins mid-summer and continues until autumn frosts induce senescence. Grow Heirloom Amaranth -Plant Green Thumb Amaranthus Seeds. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Annual, erect, monoecious herb, up to 100(â130) cm tall, much branched; stem terete or obtusely angular, glabrous or slightly pubescent, green or variably suffused with purple. Flowering i… Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent; petiole approximately as long as leaf-blade; blade ovate-lanceolate to rhomboid, 3.5â11 cm Ã 1â4.5 cm, acute and often slightly decurrent at base, obtuse, rounded or slightly retuse and often short mucronate at apex, entire, glabrous or slightly pubescent on veins when young.
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